The invention of language was the most important intellectual development in human history. You conceive and communicate your thoughts through language. Thus, making machines that understand language has been a central goal since computers were invented. A scripting language can be an effective tool for programmers, engineers, and other developers to create software. Scripting languages are relatively easy to learn and can be an excellent introduction to coding and programming. This article at Techslang discusses the most popular scripting language options available today.
About Scripting Language
The script, also called scripting, is a programming language like any other and maybe similar to others like C++ or Java. Unlike other languages, scripting languages are interpreted rather than compiled. Scripts automate computer tasks much like programming languages, with the exception that scripts must run inside other applications, such as browsers. Scripting is open source and allows IT professionals to modify applications, operating systems (OSs), and programs to suit their needs.
Popular Scripting Languages
- Hypertext Pre-processor (PHP), originally named “Personal Home Page,” PHP grew as the script gained features and functionalities, resulting in a backronym for “hypertext pre-processor.” Mostly all websites use PHP.
- Java Script (JS) is the scripting language behind website graphics and special effects. If you’ve used Google Maps to explore your location, then you’ve used JS.
- Job Control Language (JCL), the term “job” refers to a “unit of work that an operator assigns to an operating system.” For instance, when a payroll program computes employees’ wages, it is performing a job. You must develop a batch job if you want the job to run every week without requiring much human interaction.
Difference Between Scripting and Programming Language
In general, programming and scripting differ in how they are executed. A programming language converts a high-level programming language into machine language using a compiler, while a scripting language uses an interpreter.
A compiler turns one programming language into another. An interpreter executes commands in scripting or programming language without compiling commands. JS, Python, and Ruby are examples of programming languages that use interpreters. On the other hand, C, C++, and Java use compilers.
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